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Entrance control and access control are eerily similar; that being said, they have differences that are extremely important. Knowing the difference between entrance and access control will help you better implement your organization’s access control system and ensure your security.
Access control describes the type of security system that is implemented in order to determine who has authorization (or access) into something. There are two types of access control: physical and logical.
As the name implies, physical access control is designed to ensure secure physical access in/out of a building. For example, an organization that employs physical access control will have company proximity fobs that are associated with each individual employee and are programmed specifically for the organization’s security system; therefore, only employees with a company-issued proximity key fob will be allowed access to the company building. Door entry cards are also often used as employee badges that have a picture of the employee and his or her name on the card. They are conveniently programmed specifically for each employee; as such, the physical access control system is able to recognize each individual employee, which is very important for security purposes.
Logical access control, on the other hand, is a type of malware that will protect your data and intellectual property within your organization—equally important to protecting the organization physically! A corporation can easily integrate logical and physical access control together by, for example, requiring their employees to scan their proximity key fob before accessing their company computers.
In summary, access controls is essentially an act of verification in which an organization relies on company proximity access fobs or cards to determine a person’s identity and authorization within the company.
Entrance control is an aspect of—but not the same thing as—physical access control. Entrance control is a physical barrier that cannot easily be crossed. For example, a door that is locked, a gate, or a turnstile. Entrance control can even be described as a security guard who stands at a front door and determines who can or can’t be let into a building. Utilizing a proximity card that doubles as id badge with a picture of the employee is a great addtion to entrance control. Denial of entrance control can look like an alarm going off when someone tries to forcefully enter through a door or a security guard escorting someone off of the premises. One can have entrance control without an access control system (e.g., a locked door but no card reader). However, having a company proximity key fob or card for an entrance can help secure your business even more.
When entrance and access control are used together, they create the ideal security set up. Like in the first example, you can have a card reader at a door and in order to unlock the door (entrance control) you need to scan your door proximity key fob (access control) which will determine if you have authorization to enter or not. With just entrance control, you have lots of locked doors. With just access control you have everyone with unique company access cards. Together, you have an effective way to keep unwanted individuals out of your business.